The Public Safety Performance Project
The Pew Center on the States
One in 31: The Long Reach in American Corrections
The Pew Center on the States
Significant State Sentencing and Corrections Legislation in 2009
National Conference of State Legislatures, Feb. 9, 2010
Classification of Offenders/Risk Assessment: Procedures which gather information about an offender for law enforcement, correctional, or court agencies, including an offender's behavior patterns, needs, skills, and aptitude as well as factors related to criminal conduct.
Collaborative Justice Courts: Also known as problem-solving courts-promote accountability by combining judicial supervision with rehabilitation services that are rigorously monitored and focused on recovery. These courts are distinguished by their problem-solving focus, team approach to decision making, integration of social and treatment services, judicial supervision of the treatment process, community outreach, direct interaction between defendants and judge, and a proactive role for the judge inside and outside the courtroom.
Community Corrections Programs: A variety of local, state, or federal activities involving punishment and management of offenders within their local communities through such programs as community service, restitution, day reporting centers, drug and alcohol treatment, and electronic monitoring.
Criminogenic: Offender characteristics that affect the likelihood of future criminality.
Drug Courts: A court in which the judge, the district attorney, and the public defender or private defense attorney work together in a non-adversarial fashion to help chemically dependent offenders obtain needed treatment and rehabilitation in the hopes of breaking the cycle of crime and addiction.
Evidence-based practice: The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use by correctional administrators of current best research evidence in selecting programs designed to manage offenders, reduce recidivism, and increase public safety. Research evidence of program effectiveness must adhere to accepted methodological standards. A program must also use empirical assessment tools to target the program to the individual offender and must objectively measure program implementation and outcomes. Evidence-based programs also includes programs that adhere to 'principles of effective intervention' established by prior research.
Parole: The conditional early release from prison or jail, under supervision, after a portion of the sentence has been served. This practice assumes that the offender successfully demonstrated conformity to the rules and regulations of the prison environment and shows an ability to conform to society's norms and laws. Parole is similar to probation, however, it is granted by a parole board not a judge.
Prisoner Reentry: The transition from life in jail or prison to life in the community has profound implications for public safety.
Probation: A judicially imposed suspension of sentence that attempts to supervise, treat, and rehabilitate offenders while they remain in the community under the supervision of the probation department.