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2014 California Rules of Court

Rule 8.100. Filing the appeal

(a) Notice of appeal

(1)To appeal from a superior court judgment or an appealable order of a superior court, other than in a limited civil case, an appellant must serve and file a notice of appeal in that superior court. The appellant or the appellant's attorney must sign the notice.

(2)The notice of appeal must be liberally construed. The notice is sufficient if it identifies the particular judgment or order being appealed. The notice need not specify the court to which the appeal is taken; the appeal will be treated as taken to the Court of Appeal for the district in which the superior court is located.

(3)Failure to serve the notice of appeal neither prevents its filing nor affects its validity, but the appellant may be required to remedy the failure.

(b) Fee and deposit

(1)Unless otherwise provided by law, the notice of appeal must be accompanied by the $775 filing fee under Government Code sections 68926 and 68926.1(b), an application for a waiver of court fees and costs on appeal under rule 8.26, or an order granting such an application. The fee should be paid by check or money order payable to "Clerk, Court of Appeal"; if the fee is paid in cash, the clerk must give a receipt.

(2)The appellant must also deposit $100 with the superior court clerk as required under Government Code section 68926.1, unless otherwise provided by law or the superior court waives the deposit.

(3)The clerk must file the notice of appeal even if the appellant does not present the filing fee, the deposit, or an application for, or order granting, a waiver of fees and costs.

(Subd (b) amended effective July 27, 2012; previously amended effective August 17, 2003, January 1, 2007, and July 1, 2009.)

(c) Failure to pay filing fee

(1)The reviewing court clerk must promptly notify the appellant in writing if:

(A)The reviewing court receives a notice of appeal without the filing fee required by (b)(1), a certificate of cash payment under (e)(5), or an application for, or order granting, a fee waiver under rule 8.26;

(B)A check for the filing fee is dishonored; or

(C)An application for a waiver under rule 8.26 is denied.

(2)A clerk's notice under (1)(A) or (B) must state that the court may dismiss the appeal unless, within 15 days after the notice is sent, the appellant either:

(A)Pays the fee; or

(B)Files an application for a waiver under rule 8.26 if the appellant has not previously filed such an application.

(3)If the appellant fails to take the action specified in a notice given under (2), the reviewing court may dismiss the appeal, but may vacate the dismissal for good cause.

(Subd (c) amended effective July 1, 2009; previously amended effective January 1, 2007, and January 1, 2008.)

(d) Failure to pay deposit

(1)If the appellant fails to pay the deposit to the superior court required under (b)(2), the superior court clerk must promptly notify the appellant in writing that the reviewing court may dismiss the appeal unless, within 15 days after the notice is sent, the appellant either:

(A)Makes the deposit; or

(B)Files an application in the superior court for a waiver of fees and costs if the appellant has not previously filed such an application or an order granting such an application.

(2)If the appellant fails to take the action specified in a notice given under (1), the superior court clerk must notify the reviewing court of the default.

(3)If the superior court clerk notifies the reviewing court of a default under (2), the reviewing court may dismiss the appeal, but may vacate the dismissal for good cause.

(Subd (d) amended effective July 1, 2009; adopted effective January 1, 2008.)

(e) Superior court clerk's duties

(1)The superior court clerk must promptly mail a notification of the filing of the notice of appeal to the attorney of record for each party, to any unrepresented party, and to the reviewing court clerk.

(2)The notification must show the date it was mailed and must state the number and title of the case and the date the notice of appeal was filed. If the information is available, the notification must include:

(A)The name, address, telephone number, and California State Bar number of each attorney of record in the case;

(B)The name of the party each attorney represented in the superior court; and

(C)The name, address, and telephone number of any unrepresented party.

(3)A copy of the notice of appeal is sufficient notification under (1) if the required information is on the copy or is added by the superior court clerk.

(4)The mailing of a notification under (1) is a sufficient performance of the clerk's duty despite the death of the party or the discharge, disqualification, suspension, disbarment, or death of the attorney.

(5)With the notification of the appeal, the superior court clerk must send the reviewing court the filing fee or an application for, or order granting, a waiver of that fee. If the fee was paid in cash, the clerk must send the reviewing court a certificate of payment and thereafter a check for the amount of the fee.

(6)Failure to comply with any provision of this subdivision does not affect the validity of the notice of appeal.

(f) Notice of cross-appeal

As used in this rule, "notice of appeal" includes a notice of cross-appeal and "appellant" includes a respondent filing a notice of cross-appeal.

(Subd (f) relettered effective January 1, 2008; adopted as subd (e).)

(g) Civil case information statement

(1)Within 15 days after the superior court clerk mails the notification of the filing of the notice of appeal required by (e)(1), the appellant must serve and file in the reviewing court a completed Civil Case Information Statement (form APP-004), attaching a copy of the judgment or appealed order that shows the date it was entered.

(2)If the appellant fails to timely file a case information statement under (1), the reviewing court clerk must notify the appellant by mail that the appellant must file the statement within 15 days after the clerk's notice is mailed and that if the appellant fails to comply, the court may either impose monetary sanctions or dismiss the appeal. If the appellant fails to file the statement as specified in the notice, the court may impose the sanctions specified in the notice.

(Subd (g) amended effective January 1, 2014; adopted as subd (f) effective January 1, 2003; previously amended effective January 1, 2007; previously amended and relettered effective January 1, 2008.)

Rule 8.100 amended effective January 1, 2014; repealed and adopted as rule 1 effective January 1, 2002; previously amended and renumbered effective January 1, 2007; previously amended effective January 1, 2003, August 17, 2003, January 1, 2008, July 1, 2009, and July 27, 2012.

Advisory Committee Comment

Subdivision (a). In subdivision (a)(1), the reference to "judgment" is intended to include part of a judgment. Subdivision (a)(1) includes an explicit reference to "appealable order" to ensure that litigants do not overlook the applicability of this rule to such orders.

Subdivision (b). In the interest of consistency, subdivision (b)(1) recommends a preferred wording-"Clerk, Court of Appeal"-for the name of the payee of checks or money orders for the filing fee. The provision is not mandatory.

Subdivision (c)(2). This subdivision addresses the content of a clerk's notice that a check for the filing fee has been dishonored or that the reviewing court has received a notice of appeal without the filing fee, a certificate of cash payment, or an application for, or order granting, a fee waiver. Rule 8.26(f) addresses what an appellant must do when a fee waiver application is denied.

Subdivision (e). Under subdivision (e)(2), a notification of the filing of a notice of appeal must show the date that the clerk mailed the document. This provision is intended to establish the date when the 20-day extension of the time to file a cross-appeal under rule 8.108(e) begins to run.

Subdivision (e)(1) requires the clerk to mail a notification of the filing of the notice of appeal to the appellant's attorney or to the appellant if unrepresented. Knowledge of the date of that notification allows the appellant's attorney or the appellant to track the running of the 20-day extension of time to file a cross-appeal under rule 8.108(e).

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