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2014 California Rules of Court

Rule 8.802. Construction

(a) Construction

The rules in this division must be construed to ensure that the proceedings they govern will be justly and speedily determined.

(b) Terminology

As used in this division:

(1)"Must" is mandatory;

(2)"May" is permissive;

(3)"May not" means is not permitted to;

(4)"Will" expresses a future contingency or predicts action by a court or person in the ordinary course of events, but does not signify a mandatory duty; and

(5)"Should" expresses a preference or a nonbinding recommendation.

(c) Construction of additional terms

In the rules:

(1)Each tense (past, present, or future) includes the others;

(2)Each gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter) includes the others;

(3)Each number (singular or plural) includes the other; and

(4)The headings of divisions, chapters, articles, rules, and subdivisions are substantive.

Rule 8.802 adopted effective January 1, 2009.

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