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2014 California Rules of Court

Rule 8.823. Extending the time to appeal

(a) Extension of time

This rule operates only to increase the time to appeal otherwise prescribed in rule 8.822(a); it does not shorten the time to appeal. If the normal time to appeal stated in rule 8.822(a) would be longer than the time provided in this rule, the time to appeal stated in rule 8.822(a) governs.

(b) Motion for a new trial

If any party serves and files a valid notice of intention to move for a new trial, the following extensions of time apply:

(1)If the motion is denied, the time to appeal from the judgment is extended for all parties until the earliest of:

(A)15 days after the trial court clerk or a party serves an order denying the motion or a notice of entry of that order;

(B)15 days after denial of the motion by operation of law; or

(C)90 days after entry of judgment; or

(2)If the trial court makes a finding of excessive or inadequate damages and grants the motion for a new trial subject to the condition that the motion is denied if a party consents to the additur or remittitur of damages:

(A)If a party serves an acceptance of the additur or remittitur within the time for accepting the additur or remittitur, the time to appeal from the judgment is extended for all parties until 15 days after the date the party serves the acceptance.

(B)If a party serves a rejection of the additur or remittitur within the time for accepting the additur or remittitur or if the time for accepting the additur or remittitur expires, the time to appeal from the new trial order is extended for all parties until the earliest of 30 days after the date the party serves the rejection or 30 days after the date on which the time for accepting the additur or remittitur expired.

(Subd (b) amended effective March 1, 2014; previously amended effective July 1, 2012.)

(c) Motion to vacate judgment

If, within the time prescribed by rule 8.822 to appeal from the judgment, any party serves and files a valid notice of intention to move to vacate the judgment or a valid motion to vacate the judgment, the time to appeal from the judgment is extended for all parties until the earliest of:

(1)15 days after the trial court clerk or a party serves an order denying the motion or a notice of entry of that order;

(2)45 days after the first notice of intention to move or motion is filed; or

(3)90 days after entry of judgment.

(Subd (c) amended effective March 1, 2014.)

(d) Motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict

(1)If any party serves and files a valid motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict and the motion is denied, the time to appeal from the judgment is extended for all parties until the earliest of:

(A)15 days after the trial court clerk or a party serves an order denying the motion or a notice of entry of that order;

(B)15 days after denial of the motion by operation of law; or

(C)90 days after entry of judgment.

(2)Unless extended by (e)(2), the time to appeal from an order denying a motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict is governed by rule 8.822.

(Subd (d) amended effective March 1, 2014.)

(e) Motion to reconsider appealable order

If any party serves and files a valid motion to reconsider an appealable order under Code of Civil Procedure section 1008(a), the time to appeal from that order is extended for all parties until the earliest of:

(1)15 days after the superior court clerk or a party serves an order denying the motion or a notice of entry of that order;

(2)45 days after the first motion to reconsider is filed; or

(3)90 days after entry of the appealable order.

(Subd (e) amended effective March 1, 2014.)

(f) Public entity actions under Government Code section 962, 984, or 985

If a public entity defendant serves and files a valid request for a mandatory settlement conference on methods of satisfying a judgment under Government Code section 962, an election to pay a judgment in periodic payments under Government Code section 984 and rule 3.1804, or a motion for a posttrial hearing on reducing a judgment under Government Code section 985, the time to appeal from the judgment is extended for all parties until the earliest of:

(1)60 days after the superior court clerk serves the party filing the notice of appeal with a document entitled "Notice of Entry" of judgment or a file-stamped copy of the judgment, showing the date either was served;

(2)60 days after the party filing the notice of appeal serves or is served by a party with a document entitled "Notice of Entry" of judgment or a file-stamped copy of the judgment, accompanied by proof of service; or

(3)90 days after entry of judgment.

(Subd (f) adopted effective January 1, 2011.)

(g) Cross-appeal

(1)If an appellant timely appeals from a judgment or appealable order, the time for any other party to appeal from the same judgment or order is extended until 10 days after the trial court clerk serves notification of the first appeal.

(2)If an appellant timely appeals from an order granting a motion for a new trial, an order granting-within 75 days after entry of judgment-a motion to vacate the judgment, or a judgment notwithstanding the verdict, the time for any other party to appeal from the original judgment or from an order denying a motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict is extended until 10 days after the clerk serves notification of the first appeal.

(Subd (g) amended effective March 1, 2014; adopted as subd (f); previously relettered effective January 1, 2011.)

(h) Proof of service

Service under this rule may be by any method permitted by the Code of Civil Procedure, including electronic service when permitted under Code of Civil Procedure section 1010.6 and rules 2.250-2.261. An order or notice that is served must be accompanied by proof of service.

(Subd (h) amended effective March 1, 2014; adopted as subd (g); previously amended and relettered effective January 1, 2011.)

Rule 8.823 amended effective March 1, 2014; adopted effective January 1, 2009; previously amended effective January 1, 2011, and July 1, 2012.

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