More than 200 languages and dialects are spoken in California. Without proper language assistance, Limited English Proficient (LEP) court users may be excluded from meaningful participation in the judicial court process.
In January 2015, the Judicial Council adopted this statewide Language Access Plan (LAP) Report to provide recommendations, guidance, and a consistent statewide approach to ensure language access throughout the courts.
The Language Access Implementation Task Force, chaired by California Supreme Court Justice Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar, advises the Judicial Council on implementation of the LAP recommendations.
October 14, 2016: Read the LAP Implementation Progress Report
July 7, 2016: 2016 Language Access Survey Report on the California Superior Courts, prepared by the National Center for State Courts (June 2016)
June 29, 2016: On June 24, the Judicial Council approved a pilot project for video remote interpreting to aid court users with limited language abilities. The council also approved a number of translation and education products that the LAP Implementation Task Force developed. Press Release. Report. Slideshow. Video.
May 11, 2016: Univision (Spanish): “No entendí nada”: la historia de los inmigrantes que se quedan sin acceso a la justicia por no hablar inglés
March 17, 2016: Court Progress in Providing Interpreters in Civil Cases (as of September 30, 2015)
February 29, 2016: On February 26, the Judicial Council unanimously approved a new model notice translated into eight languages that will inform limited-English-proficient court users about the availability of language services. View the slideshow presented to the council.
February 17, 2016: The Process of Appointing Spoken Language Interpreters in Trial Court Proceedings - In this ten minute mentor video, Judges Erica Yew and Steve Austin walk bench officers through the procedure when appointing registered, certified, and provisionally qualified spoken language interpreters. They also offer options in situations when there are special or unique circumstances.
June 11, 2015:
Strategic Plan for Language Access in the California Courts
A version of the Language Access Plan that includes graphics is now available.
April 28, 2015: Executive Summary for the Language Access Plan is now available in the following languages.
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt)
Language access allows limited English proficient (LEP) individuals access to a wide range of services. As defined by the U.S. Department of Justice, LEP individuals are persons who do not speak English as their primary language and who may have a limited ability to read, write, speak, or understand English.
In California, the most diverse state in the country:
Source: U.S. Census Bureau (2015)
Limited English proficient (LEP) court users are unable to file the proper paperwork correctly and are required to return to court.
Signage in English may appear simple enough to understand, but to a LEP court user, key information is often misunderstood.
Court users come to courthouses because they have a problem that they cannot resolve on their own. The state constitution requires that courts provide interpreting services for court users involved in criminal and certain juvenile cases. Efforts to expand interpreting services in civil cases are underway.
Without proper language assistance, limited English proficient (LEP) court users may be excluded from meaningful participation in the judicial process. Many LEP litigants appear without an attorney, and friends and family members who act as interpreters often do not understand legal terminology or court procedures.
Further, LEP court users' language needs are not limited to the courtroom; the need for language assistance extends to all points of contact for the public. The Courts are searching for new solutions for these issues including more efficient use of existing resources to help improve and expand language access around the state.
More Information & Resources:
Language Access Fact Sheet
NCSC Call to Action – Access to Justice for Limited English Proficient Litigants (2013)
ABA Standards for Language Access in Courts (2012)
Language Barriers to Justice in California (2005)
Federal Interagency Working Group on Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Website