The vast majority of cases in the California courts begin in one of the 58 superior, or trial, courts — located in each of the state's 58 counties. With facilities in more than 450 locations, these courts hear both civil and criminal cases, as well as family, probate, and juvenile cases.
The next level of judicial authority within the state's judicial branch resides with the Courts of Appeal. Most of the cases that come before the Courts of Appeal involve the review of a superior court decision that is being contested by a party to the case. The Legislature has divided the state geographically into six appellate districts, each containing a Court of Appeal.
The Supreme Court serves as the highest court in the state, and has discretion to review decisions of the Court of Appeal in order to settle important questions of law and to resolve conflicts among the Courts of Appeal. The court also must review the appeal in any case in which a trial court has imposed a judgment of death.
Population served: more than 38 million—12.1% of the United States population
• Jury pay: $15/day starting with second day of service and 34 cents per mile, one way.
• Number of Californians summoned to jury service who completed service in fiscal year 2010-11: 8,670,110
• Number of Californians summoned to jury service who served in fiscal year 2010-11: 3,182,576**
• Number of Californians sworn to serve as jurors in fiscal year 2010-11: 164,512**
**Numbers based on 52 of the 58 (90%) superior courts reporting (as of Dec 31, 2012).
Family and juvenile
California Supreme Court
Courts of Appeal
More statistics for fiscal year 2011-2012 may be found in the Court Statistics Report.