1972: J. D. degree University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law.
1972: Admitted to California State Bar; United States District Court (Eastern); United States Court of Appeal (Ninth Circuit).
1972-1975: Deputy Public Defender, County of Ventura.
1975-1982: Judicial Attorney, Court of Appeal, State of California, Second Appellate District.
1976: Admitted to the Bar, United States Supreme Court.
1982-1983: Private practice, Thousand Oaks, Ventura County.
1983-1986: Judge, Municipal Court, County of Ventura.
1983: Graduate, California Judicial College.
1986: Assigned by Chairperson of Judicial Council to sit as pro tem Justice, Court of Appeal, Second District, Division Six, Ventura.
1986-1990: Judge, Superior Court, County of Ventura.
1990-Present: Associate Justice, Court of Appeal, State of California, Second Appellate District, Division Six.
1991: Graduate, Institution of Judicial Administration, New York University School of Law.