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2023 California Rules of Court

Rule 2.1033. Juror questions

A trial judge should allow jurors to submit written questions directed to witnesses. An opportunity must be given to counsel to object to such questions out of the presence of the jury.

Rule 2.1033 adopted effective January 1, 2007.


See CACI No. 112 and CALCRIM No. 106. Resources, including a model admonition and a sample form for jurors to use to submit questions to the court, are available in Bench Handbook: Jury Management (CJER, rev. 2006, pp. 60-62).

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