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2023 California Rules of Court

Rule 2.112. Separate causes of action, counts, and defenses

Each separately stated cause of action, count, or defense must specifically state:

(1)  Its number (e.g., "first cause of action");

(2)  Its nature (e.g., "for fraud");

(3)  The party asserting it if more than one party is represented on the pleading (e.g., "by plaintiff Jones"); and

(4)  The party or parties to whom it is directed (e.g., "against defendant Smith").

Rule 2.112 adopted effective January 1, 2007.

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