Cross-National Issues

Find information, resources, instructions and sample forms and templates to request judicial assistance for service of process of a California court document abroad. Find also information on registering and enforcing a California court order abroad. The information provided addresses the Hague Service Convention and the Inter-American Convention procedures for letters rogatory. As more information and instructions are developed, they will be added to augment the resources and options discussed here.

Treaties and Case Law

Text of Hague Service Convention and Signatories
Includes a list of resources and practical information. Prepared for the LAAC and AOC Family Law Conference on February 2011.

  • Selections from Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or commercial Matters

Text of Inter-American Convention and Signatories
Includes resources. Prepared for the LAAC and AOC Family Law Conference on February 2011.

In re Vanessa Q (2010) 187 Cal. App. 4th 128, 114 Cal. Rptr 3d 294 (2010).

Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft vs. Schlunk (1988) 486 U.S. 694

Forms and Templates

Forms developed by the Family Law Facilitator's offices in Imperial and San Diego counties, and formalized and numbered by San Diego County FLF for request for letters rogatory per the Inter-American Convention:

Imperial County forms

  • Letter Rogatory, Service In Mexico (Form FL-18Info)

  • Ex Parte Application for Issuance of Letters Rogatory for Service of Process in Mexico Order Thereon (Form FL-18)

  • Request for International Judicial Assistance for Service of Process in Mexico (Form FL-18A)

  • Essential Information for Respondent (Form FL-18B)

  • Authentication Request and Apostille Order Form (Form FL-18C)

  • Certificate of Execution (Form FL-18D)

  • Mexico Directory of Family Law Courts & Code Sections for Letters Rogatory for each Mexican State (Form FL-18E)
  • San Diego County FLF forms:

  • FLF-015: Instructions for Service of Process in Mexico Pursuant to the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory (For initial family law filings only) (07-2011)

  • FLF-016: Request for International Judicial Assistance for Service of Process in Mexico (Letters Rogatory) (03-2011)

  • FLF-017: Essential Information for Respondent (03-2011)

  • FLF-018: Declaration of Dilingent Search in Support of Request for Posting and/or Publication -- Service of Process in Mexico (Letters Rogatory) (03-2011)

  • FLF-019: Ex Parte Application for Issuance of Letters Rogatory for Service of Process in Mexico; Order Thereon (03-2011)

  • FLF-020: Certificate of Execution (03-2011)

  • FLF-021: Authentication & Apostille Order Form (03-2011)
  • Other forms and samples:

    International registration and enforcement of California orders

    Translated Judicial Council forms:  Many Judicial Council forms in areas related to family law have been translated to Spanish (one of the prerequesites of the letters rogatory process). To find the relevant Judicial Council form, browse all forms, locate the desired form and look to see if  that form is also listed in Spanish (designated with the letter S). Some forms have been translated to other languages, all identified by the first letter of that language (e.g. "K" for Korean, "C" for Chinese, etc.).

    Informational and Instructional Materials

    Information re. Service Requirements on Person Outside U.S. (11-2014) Prepared by Rheeah Yoo and staff (Imperial County) in response to Equal Access listserv inquiry regarding the use of Letters Rogatory.

    FLF-015: Instructions for Service of Process in Mexico Pursuant to the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory (For initial family law filings only) (07-2011). Prepared by the San Diego County Superior Court's Office of the Family Law Facilitator.

    Instructions for Letters Rogary re. Service in Mexico (01-2012). Prepared by the Imperial County Superior Court's Office of the Family Law Facilitator. 

    Levitt and Quinn Guides. Checklists prepared by the law firm of Levitt and Quinn outlining the general process for international service of process under the Hague Sevice Convention and the Inter-American Convention and Additional Protocol to that Convention. Includes country-specific information.

    Resources

    Directory of Judicial Branches in Mexico (5/2011)
    Includes directory of Mexican states, website for judicial branch, and contact informatio.

    Directory of Mexican Code Sections State by State (Letters Rogatory) (5/2011)
    Every judicial branch, with relevant code of civil procedure code sections re. letters rogatory and web link.

    List of Mexican Consulates in California
    Includes address, phone and fax numbers and email address for each consulate.

    No Sirve: The Invalidity of Service of Process Abroad by Mail or Private Process Server on Parties in Mexico Under the Hague Service Convention, by Charles B. Campbell, Minnesota Journal of International Law, Volume 19, Issue 1.

    US Marshals Service web information on service of process.
    Includes links to US Marshal's forms for requesting service abroad under both, the Hague Service Convention and the Inter-American Convention.