San Joaquin County, Stockton Courthouse

Superior Court of California, County of San Joaquin

Initial Funding Year: FY 2007-2008

Architect's rendering: New Stockton Courthouse

Current Status
This project is currently in construction with an expected completion date of 4 Q 2016.
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Vital Statistics
Courtrooms: 30
Square footage: 310,443
Current authorized project budget: $272,939,000
More information
In the past decade, Stockton and the nearby communities of Tracy, Manteca, and Lodi have experienced significant and rapid population increases, largely due to people relocating to the area from the San Francisco Bay Area. The county is projected to have 1.7 million residents by 2050, a 201 percent increase from 2000. The court currently shares a building in downtown Stockton with the county. The existing facility in Stockton, constructed in 1963, lacks adequate security, is overcrowded, and is in very poor physical condition.

The new courthouse will house 30 courtrooms in what is expected to be a 12-story building. In September 2009, culminating years of effort by the Court, City, County, local community, and the Judicial Council staff, the state Public Works Board approved the acquisition of a site in downtown Stockton: Hunter Square Plaza, adjacent to the current courthouse at 222 East Weber Avenue. The site was donated by the City of Stockton.

California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) Compliance

Judicial Council staff are responsible for the environmental impact report (EIR) to comply with CEQA.

Background

July 21, 2008 to August 20, 2008: Notice of Preparation and Initial Study circulated.
July 30, 2008: Public scoping meeting held.
January 23, 2009 to March 9, 2009: Draft EIR circulated.
February 19, 2009: Public meeting held.
May 7, 2009 to June 22, 2009: Revised Draft EIR circulated.

After receiving public comments on both documents, the council staff completed a Final Environmental Impact Report (4.3 MB)
Public Comments Part 1 (3.7 MB)
Public Comments Part 2 (3.5 MB)
Appendices A-G (4.1 MB)
Appendix H (4.2 MB)

The Final Initial Study includes stakeholder comments, council staff responses to comments, changes to the environmental impact report, and other information.

On August 10, 2009, council staff filed a Notice of Determination, completing the CEQA process.

Stockton Courthouse Groundbreaking Ceremony


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Architect's rendering of New Stockton Courthouse


Video

Progress report from 2009 (3:00)

Architecture/Engineering Firm

NBBJ

Construction Manager at Risk

Turner Construction

Subcontractor Bidding

Completed 

August 2014 update

The New San Joaquin Courthouse in Stockton is in construction, with an expected completion date of 4 Q 2016.

 

May 2014

OVERVIEW

Why do we need a new courthouse?

San Joaquin County is one of the most diverse and fastest-growing counties in California, due to people relocating from the Bay Area. The Superior Court of San Joaquin County in downtown Stockton serves residents through three branch facilities, a Juvenile Justice Center in French Camp, and the downtown courthouse and nearby administrative annex. The Court shares the courthouse and the annex with the County. Constructed in 1963, the downtown courthouse and annex are overcrowded, in poor physical condition, and have significant accessibility and security deficiencies, hindering the court’s ability to adequately deliver services to county residents.

What is the plan for the new courthouse?

The new downtown Stockton Courthouse will be located at 222 East Webber, directly across the street from the current courthouse on historic Hunter Square Plaza. The new 13-story facility will house 30 courtrooms—two of which will be shelled out for future use—in 310,443 square feet of space, consolidating court operations from the current courthouse and annex into one modern facility. With all court services under one roof, the new courthouse will become a one-stop location for county residents. However, juvenile proceedings will remain at the Juvenile Justice Center in French Camp, which is also being remodeled and expanded.

When completed, the new courthouse will eliminate severe overcrowding and provide adequate space for court services, administration, and increased security operations, with a secure sallyport for the transportation of in-custody detainees. It will be the tallest building in Stockton—an anchor in the City’s plan to establish a civic presence in the downtown area. The new facility’s expansive front plaza will have a large water feature and an 80-foot art wall, illustrating historic scenes from Stockton’s past, just outside the entrance to the three-story glass lobby. The spire on the current Hunter Square fountain will be salvaged by the County and eventually incorporated into an extended plaza. Clad in natural stone, the building’s exterior will convey a sense of permanence and judicial dignity. The design for the new courthouse was recognized for excellence by the American Institute of Architects’ Academy of Architecture for Justice.

Was renovation considered before the plan to build a new courthouse was decided on?

The current courthouse and nearby administrative annex are about half the size needed to accommodate the Court’s existing and future operating requirements. The current courthouse lacks adequate space to serve the needs of a growing population and is considered one of the state’s most decrepit and unsafe buildings. The two downtown facilities have many other functional, efficiency, and security challenges. Examples:

  • Security screening is inadequate to handle the volume of people using the courthouse and unsafe for weapons screening.
  • Due to the lack of space, the queue for screening often extends out into the parking lot and is problematic when a large number of jurors are summoned or during inclement weather.
  • Deputies must escort in-custody detainees in chains through public corridors, stairways, and elevators.
  • Space for court staff is at a minimum and storage closets have been converted into offices.
  • Additional problems with the court buildings include inadequate HVAC, mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and security systems, insufficient administration space, the presence of asbestos, seismic issues, and outdated fire alarm and fire suppression systems.


Who is the Judicial Council, and why are they managing this project?

 

The Judicial Council is the policymaking body for the California court system, including the trial courts, known as “Superior Courts,” based in each county. Among other responsibilities, the council—through its Capital Program office—is responsible for planning, acquisition, design, renovation, and construction of court facilities. The new courthouse will be owned by the judicial branch.

For more information about the Judicial Council, refer to:

Judicial Council
Judicial Council Staff


How has the local community had input regarding the courthouse project?

The Project Advisory Group is the main source of ongoing community input to the project. This broad-based group includes members from the the City and County, justice partners including the District Attorney’s office and the Public Defender’s office, the business community, and the Superior Court. Members include:

  • Hon. Lesley Holland, Presiding Judge, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Hon. Jose L. Alva, Assistant Presiding Judge, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Hon. David Warner, Judge, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Hon. Robin Appel, Judge, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Hon. William J. Murray, Jr., Associate Justice, Third District Court of Appeal
  • Hon. Bob McNatt, Judge, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Hon. Richard J. Guiliani, Judge, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Ms. Rosa Junqueiro, Court Executive Officer, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Mr. James Flohrschutz, Business Services Manager, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Ms. Stephanie Bohrer, Mgmt. Analyst/Public Info. Officer, Superior Court of San Joaquin County
  • Mr. Leroy Ornellas, Chair, County of San Joaquin Board of Supervisors
  • Mr. Larry Ruhstaller, Member, County of San Joaquin Board of Supervisors
  • Mr. Manuel Lopez, County Administrative Officer, County of San Joaquin
  • Mr. Mike Padilla, Captain, County of San Joaquin Sheriff’s Department
  • Mr. Gus Duran, Acting Director, City of Stockton Revitalization Department
  • Mr. Doug Wilhoit, Chief Executive Officer, Stockton Chamber of Commerce
  • Mr. Pete Fox, San Joaquin County Public Defender
  • Mr. Jim Willett, San Joaquin County District Attorney
  • Mr. Don Geiger, San Joaquin County Bar Association

In addition, the California Environmental Quality Act process enabled the public to review and comment on the environmental report before it was finalized.

What will happen to the current courthouse when the new courthouse is completed?

The County owns the current courthouse and administrative annex. It plans to demolish the two facilities, and given the funding, build an extensive plaza on the current site with eventual underground parking.




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CONSTRUCTION

Who is the construction manager at risk on the project?

In business for more than 100 years, Turner Construction has completed numerous public and private construction projects throughout the country and around the world. The company has won numerous awards, including the 2014 Best Design Build Project of the Year, Austin VA Outpatient Clinic, from the Associated General Contractors of Texas, and the 2013 Number One Contractor and Number One Green Contractor, from Engineering News-Record.

How was the contractor selected?

Through its staff, the Judicial Council uses a construction manager at risk (CMAR) for delivery of projects such as the new Stockton Courthouse. The CMAR method entails a commitment to deliver the project within a guaranteed maximum price. The competitive selection process factors in qualitative criteria, such as the firm’s experience, as well as the contractor’s fee. The CMAR is retained early in the project for preconstruction services. Following a competitive bid for all subcontractors and the approval to award, the CMAR becomes the general contractor for the project. Selection criteria for the project CMAR includes an evaluation of the firm’s plan for outreach to local subcontractors, ensuring that qualified local firms are fully aware of the bidding opportunity, process, and timeline. For this competitive selection, council staff conducted interviews with several qualified firms, from which Turner Construction was selected.

What are the key milestones in building the courthouse?

  • A Request for Proposals is issued to find and secure the best qualified construction manager at risk (CMAR).
  • The CMAR in turn issues a request for proposals to qualified construction professionals to build the construction team.
  • The construction site is prepared, the foundation is poured, and the core of the building and protective shell are completed.
  • The building is enclosed and infrastructure systems are completed.
  • Interior fixtures and finishes are completed.
  • The newly constructed building undergoes quality control checks and the major systems are tested.
  • The finished new building is inspected and issued a certificate of occupancy.


When will the courthouse be completed and operational?

Construction is currently scheduled to begin in June 2014; the courthouse is scheduled for completion in fall 2016. This schedule is subject to change.

What are the Judicial Council's policies with regard to local hiring and purchasing during design and construction? How will members of the public find out about these opportunities?

Once bonds are sold for this project and it is ready to be put out to bid, the construction manager at risk will become the general contractor on the project. Prior to the project going into construction, the contractor will conduct an outreach to local subcontractors, ensuring that qualified local firms are fully aware of the bidding opportunity, process, and timeline. All qualified subcontractors, lower-tier subcontractors, and suppliers will be considered.

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SITE

What is the location of the new courthouse?

The new courthouse will be located on a one-acre site in historic Hunter Square Plaza.

What was the process used to select the site?

Judicial Council staff worked closely with the Superior Court and with the Project Advisory Group, which includes judges, court staff, representatives from city and county government, justice partners, and the business community, to determine the preferred and alternate sites. Staff followed a standard site selection policy and process. The process involved objectively evaluating potential sites and selecting at least two sites that met agreed-upon criteria for the proposed new courthouse in providing access to justice for Stanislaus County, within the confines of the project’s budget and schedule. A cost reduction subcommittee of the Court Facilities Advisory Committee, which oversees the court construction program statewide, directed the project team to pursue the city block bounded by G and H Streets and 9th and 10th Streets in downtown Modesto as the preferred site. The presiding judge signed off on the preferred and alternate site, and the site selection was approved by the council's Administrative Director and the State Public Works Board.

Why does the Judicial Council decide where the new court is built? Why isn't this a county decision?

Historically, trial courts functioned largely as county departments, but that changed in 2002, with passage of the Trial Court Facilities Act. This law made the State of California responsible for court facilities statewide, rather than the counties. The law gave the Judicial Council responsibility for facilities owned or occupied by the courts and made it responsible for operations, maintenance, and repairs, as well as site acquisition, planning, design, and construction of capital projects that replace or renovate courthouses. Council staff work closely with each affected Superior Court and justice agency stakeholders throughout the process of replacing or renovating courthouses. By Rules of Court, staff involve the public primarily through the Project Advisory Group, although depending on the needs of the project, public input may be sought at various stages.

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROCESS

What environmental review was completed for the project? Who is the lead agency

Council staff are responsible for environmental review under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In July, 2008, a scoping meeting was held for the public to review and comment on the initial environmental study. In February, 2009, a draft Environmental Impact Report (EIR) was circulated and another meeting was held for public comment. This was followed in May 2009 by a revised Draft EIR. After receiving public comments on both documents, council staff completed a Final EIR, which included stakeholder comments, council staff responses to comments, changes to the environmental impact report, and other information. On August 10, 2009, staff filed a Notice of Determination, completing the CEQA process.

Will the new building be energy-efficient?

Yes. The building will be designed with great attention to sustainability. Energy-efficiency features include advanced conservation methods in heating and cooling and state-of-the-art artificial lighting and plumbing, as well as natural light throughout the building and specially treated window glass to mitigate heat gain. The building’s sustainability features are expected to qualify it to receive a LEED Gold certification by the U.S. Green Building Council.

 

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FUNDING

How is the new courthouse being funded?

The courthouse is being funded without impact to the state’s General Fund. The funds come from statewide increases in court user fees, authorized by the Trial Court Facilities Act of 2002. This bill approved the issuance of lease-revenue bonds to fund this project, to be repaid by court fees, penalties, and assessments. Bonds were sold for this project in the fall of 2014.

How did the state arrive at its initial budget for the project?

Judicial Council staff develop each project budget by first determining the building size, site size, and number of parking spaces. Then it provides this information to a professional cost estimating firm that creates a hard construction cost for the building and site work. To this, council staff add all project soft costs, which includes all costs associated with evaluating, selecting, and acquiring a site, analysis required to comply with CEQA, the fee for the architecture and engineering team, geotechnical testing, project management and construction management fees, commissioning fees, and the cost of furniture, fixtures, and equipment.

How can the state afford a new courthouse at all, given current state finances?

The new Stockton Courthouse was authorized under the Trial Court Facilities Act of 2002, which transferred responsibility for court facilities—their repair, renovation and construction—from counties to the state. To fund desperately needed renovations and repairs, penalty assessments and parking offense penalties were increased, and civil filing fee surcharges were created. This ensured a revenue stream to finance courthouse construction and renovations, promising these projects would be paid for from within the court system rather than drawing on the state's General Fund or local taxes. Once the courthouse is completed and occupied, the same revenue stream will repay those bonds over 35 years. This means that funds from other court jurisdictions will support San Joaquin's critical needs in years to come.

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DESIGN

Who is the architect on the project?

The Seattle office of NBBJ Architects was selected to design the new Stockton Courthouse. Founded in 1943, NBBJ provides architecture and sustainable design services, as well urban design and land-use planning. The company has won numerous awards for its work from the American Institute of Architecture and the Royal Institute of British Architects. It received Healthcare Design Magazine’s 2013 Firm of the Year Award. Its projects have included the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Campus and the Seattle Children’s Bellevue Clinic and Surgery Center.

How were the architects selected?

Judicial Council staff use a competitive selection process, factoring in qualitative criteria, such as the firm’s experience, as well as its fee. The architectural company is retained early in the project to begin preliminary drawings.

What are the key milestones in designing the courthouse?

  • A Request for Proposals is issued to find and secure the best qualified architect firm to begin the design process.
  • The architects complete design development, floor plans, and elevations, illustrating the design through renderings or scale models.
  • Comments are solicited on the design at key points.
  • Once the design is complete and agreed upon, the preliminary plans are approved.
  • The design phase moves into working drawings.
  • Working drawings are approved and the project moves into construction.


Where can I see renderings of the new courthouse?

Renderings are posted on the project web page under the GALLERY tab.

Will the new courthouse be energy-efficient and sustainably designed?

This project is designed to qualify for a LEED Gold rating from U.S. Green Building Council. This is the national standard for sustainable design. Numerous energy-saving features such as natural sunlight throughout the building and specially treated window glass to mitigate heat gain will make the courthouse more economical to operate over time.

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Contact Info

Judicial Council of California
Capital Program

455 Golden Gate Avenue, 8th Floor
San Francisco, California
94102-3688
PHONE
415-865-4900

EMAIL
JBCP@jud.ca.gov
FOR COURTS TO REPORT FACILITY ISSUES
Customer Service Center:
888-225-3583 or csc@jud.ca.gov
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