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Research and Evaluation

This section contains evaluations from self-help centers, sample forms, and evaluation strategies, as well as links to other research on self-represented litigants.

Evaluation tools

Workshop Participant Survey - developed by the Administrative Office of the Courts for the evaluation of model self-help pilot programs.

Self-Help Center Customer Survey - developed by the Administrative Office of the Courts for the evaluation of model self-help pilot programs.

Visual Overview of the Assessment Tools for Self Represented Litigants - This is a flow chart of the assessment resources available, their purposes and the overall value of implementation.

Guide To Self Assessment of Court Programs To Assist Self-Represented Litigants - This Guide describes all the tools and how to use them.

Exit Survey - This can be used to collect data from all persons leaving a courthouse, with a supplement seeking additional information from self-represented litigants.

Self Represented Litigant Survey Database - This provides a tool for the court to use to enter the data collected from the Exit Survey and review reports and interactive queries showing the results of the survey data collected.

Judge and Staff Survey  - This can be used to obtain court personnel’s perceptions of the court’s success in dealing with self-represented litigants, their views on problems encountered by self-represented litigants, and actions the court could take to alleviate them.

Guidelines for Data Gathering - This explains how to administer the Exit Survey and the Judge and Staff Survey. The user should read these guidelines before administering any surveys.

Basic Interview Formats - These are for use in talking with litigants, judges, court personnel, lawyers, representatives of other community organizations (such as legal aid and social services) about their experiences with self-represented litigants and their perceptions of the needs of these litigants. There are two basic formats – one for litigants and one for all stakeholders.

Guidelines for the Use of Focus Groups - Focus groups can be used to obtain information from small groups of persons, such as self-represented litigants using the court, a specific minority group that has not traditionally used the court due to cultural barriers, or a group of judges who have a high volume of self-represented litigant cases.

Tour Guide  - This explains how to observe the courthouse and court processes from the point of view of a self-represented litigant.

Best Practices Checklist - This can be used by a court to use in assessing the extent to which it is following the procedures and practices that national experts consider optimal in dealing with self-represented litigants.

Model for a Comprehensive Self Assessment - This provides a complete model for a court that wishes to fully and completely assess its program from A to Z.

Summary of Ethical Guidelines for Conducting Interviews and Data Collection  - This document provides general guidance for courts conducting self assessments about ethical issues such as obtaining informed consent from persons providing information to the court and maintaining the confidentiality of personal information obtained.

Evaluation Planning Workbook -- How to Use focus Groups and Other Evaluation Methods to Improve Court Based Self-Help Centers (May 2007) (Prepared by the Center for Families, Children and the Courts, Judicial Council of California).

Using Focus Groups in Program Evaluation (Prepared for the California Conference on Self-Represented Litigants).

Culturally Appropriate Focus Group Information (Prepared by the Superior Court of California, County of Imperial )

Tools for Evaluation of Court-Based Self-Help Centers

Evaluation - Bonnie Hough

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Program evaluations


The Benefits and Costs of Programs to Assist Self-Represented Litigants: Results from Limited Data Gathering Conducted by Six Trial Courts in California’s San Joaquin Valley (May 2009) (Prepared by John Greacen, Greacen Associates, LLC.)

Final Report on the Effectiveness of Courtroom Communication in Hearings Involving Two Self-Represented Litigants  - A report of the findings of the exploratory study conducted by Greacen Associates, LLC and the Self-Represented Litigation Network.

Los Angeles County Superior Court JusticeCorps Focus Groups Report (full report) 

Report to the California Legislature on Self-Help Centers

Executive Summary of the Report to the California Legislature on Self-Help Centers

Evaluation of Model Self-Help Centers Pilot Programs

Model Self-Help Centers Pilot Program Status Report as of Fall 2003