Dual Status Youth Resources

Publications of the Center for Families, Children & the Courts
  • Dual Status Youth Data Standards (AB 1911) (November 2017)
  • Dual Status Youth Podcast (November 2018) — This podcast discusses the intersection of foster youth in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Featured on this podcast are: Krystal, a dual status former foster youth from Los Angeles, Nicole Giacinti, attorney for the Judicial Council, and the Honorable Carolyn Caietti, Judge, Superior Court of California, County of San Diego.
  • This podcast qualifies as a self-study course. Self-study course credit refers to self-verified participation. After finishing the entire podcast, please take a few minutes to complete the evaluation survey. After completing and submitting the evaluation, you will receive a confirmation of completion and you should record and maintain a record of completion of this course and the MCLE and MCLE specialty hours for which it qualifies. For all self-study courses, attorneys are required to maintain their self-study hours on their self-study log. This program meets the qualifications for a total of 0.50 hours of mandatory continuing legal education (MCLE) credit. The Judicial Council of California is approved as a Mandatory Continuing Legal Education (MCLE) provider by the State Bar of California, provider #4781.
    Evaluation | Transcript

Other Resources and Research

The chart below provides protocols for counties who have implemented them.



  County   Effective Date
 Butte  March 22, 2011

 March 23, 2006

 Contra Costa November 03, 2023
 Del Norte
 Del Norte (Updated)  
 March 18, 2010 - June 30, 2011
 November 03, 2023
 November 03, 2023
 Glenn (Amended)  
November 03, 2023
 Inyo  December 13, 2005
 Los Angeles  October 11, 2011
 Marin November 03, 2023
 Modoc  April 4, 2008
 Mono  July 31, 2013
 Orange  November 7, 2014
 Placer  December 14, 2005
 Riverside  October 5, 2005
 San Bernardino
 San Bernardino (Updated)  
 San Bernardino (Updated)  
 November 30, 2011
 December 27, 2012
 November 03, 2023
 San Diego
 San Diego (Updated)  
 August 25, 2015
 November 03, 2023
 San Francisco  November 03, 2023
 San Joaquin  December 19, 2005
 San Mateo
 San Mateo (Updated) 
 April 13, 2007 
 May 1, 2015
 Santa Barbara  November 03, 2023
 Santa Clara 
 Santa Clara (Updated)
 Santa Clara (Updated)  
 February 11, 2010
 May 4, 2015
 November 03, 2023
 Santa Cruz
 Santa Cruz (Updated)  
 June 2017
 November 03, 2023
 Siskiyou  February 13, 2008
 Sonoma (Updated)  
 September 7, 2006
 November 03, 2023
 Stanislaus (Updated)

 December 23, 2005
 February 9, 2012

 Tulare  November 03, 2023
Tuolumne  November 03, 2023

See a Summary of Protocols by County (November 2023)


Assembly Bill 129 Legislation

All County Information Notice No. I-05-06: Dual Status Children (California Department of Social Services)

Dual-Status Children: Protocols for Implementing Assembly Bill 129 – A Report to the California Legislature (2004)  
Assembly Bill 129 allowed counties to develop a local protocol to designate certain children as having dual status, i.e., being both a dependent child and a ward of the juvenile court. AB 129 required the Judicial Council to evaluate the implementation of these protocols and to report its findings to the Legislature within two years of the date that participating counties first deem a child to be a dual-status child.  The report addresses the following questions:

  • How many counties adopted a dual-status protocol? Why did some counties elect to adopt a protocol, while some did not?
  • What are the key features of dual-status protocols?
  • What did the process of developing a dual-status protocol entail?
  • Which aspects of developing and implementing a protocol were successful, and which were more challenging? What facilitated the successes, and what would help overcome the challenges?
  • What would help the county teams optimize the implementation of their dual-status protocols moving forward? 

 Research Update: Dual-Status Children: Protocols for Implementing Assembly Bill 129 (October 2008)

Welfare & Institutions Code §241.1